Why can the lower abdominal pain happen?

You'll never feel pain at the bottom of your stomach, whether it's mild pain, cramps, or pain like Ditusuk-tusuk needles. But do you know the cause?

Why can the lower abdominal pain happen?
Why can the lower abdominal pain happen?


In medical sciences, the lower abdominal pain is often described as pelvic pain. This pain can affect both men and women, although it is more common in women.

Lower abdominal pain in women
Lower abdominal pain is more common in women because it relates to the reproductive organs of the air, such as the vagina, the ovaries, the uterus, the cervix, or the fallopian tubes. Here are the possible causes:

  • Abdominal pain due to menstruation.
  • Ovulation.
  • Pregnant outside of content or ectopic pregnancy.
  • Miscarriage.
  • Inflammatory diseases of the pelvic.
  • Ovarian cysts or other disorders of the ovaries.
  • Endometriosis.
  • The placenta abrupsi or other disorders of the placenta when pregnant.
  • Fibroids.
  • Disorders of the cervix such as infections, inflammation, or cancer.
  • Uterine cancer.
  • Inflammation of fallopian tubes or salpingitis.


Lower abdominal pain in men and women

The pain in the lower abdomen is not necessarily related to the reproductive organs. Pain can also be caused by infection in non-reproductive organs, such as the pelvic bones, bladder, or colon. For this reason, both men and women can feel pain in the lower abdomen. The following are some possible causes:

  • Injury.
  • Crohn's disease.
  • Intestinal disorders.
  • Appendicitis.
  • Inflammation of the bladder.
  • Kidney infections.
  • Kidney stones.
  • Sexually transmitted diseases, such as gonorrhea or syphilis.
  • Diverticulitis.
  • Pelvic fracture.

How is it diagnosed?

In order to know the exact cause of the pain you suffered, consult a doctor immediately. Before conducting a physical exam, the doctor will ask you some questions regarding the pain you feel, such as:

  • Are you pregnant?
  • How long have you felt pain at the bottom of the stomach?
  • What is the pain like?
  • When does the pain usually arise? Is it in the morning, in the evening, after eating, or during menstruation?
  • Does the pain also affect the rest of your body, such as the buttocks, the crotch, the shoulder, or the lower back?

Afterwards, the doctor can continue the examination to the next stage, such as blood test, urine test, stool test, genitals examination, or pregnancy test. In addition, the doctor may also conduct other examinations through X-rays, ULTRASOUND, and CT-Scan photographs. If necessary, endoscopic procedures or the examination of the digestive system with the camera, hysteroscopy or uterine examination with the camera, and laparoscopy.

A few days later the doctor will give the test result. Based on the diagnosis found, the doctor can help you choose the appropriate treatment step. There is a stomach ache that can be handled at home in a simple way, or consume medicines sold freely on the market. But, there is also the cause of the lower abdominal pain that should be treated medically specifically, for example through surgery.

Immediately go to the doctor or emergency unit in the nearest hospital if you suffer from lower abdominal pain accompanied by severe pain, fever, nausea, vomiting, swollen stomach, abdominal pain once touched, or bloody stool. Similarly, if the lower abdominal pain feels after you have an accident, an injury, or a sore in the chest.

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