Pregnant vaginal discharge is usually a normal condition. But if vaginal discharge has changed color or accompanied by certain symptoms, then this condition can be a sign of infection.
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Pregnant vaginal discharge is caused by increased levels of estrogen and vaginal blood flow. The additional fluid coming out of the cervix is actually the residual discharge from the uterus and vagina, the normal bacteria of the vagina and the dead cells of the vaginal wall.
In the early days of pregnancy, this liquid fills the cervical canal to create a protective mucus that looks like egg whites. Before childbirth, this slime will become more and more.
Diseases that may occur
Normal vaginal discharge is characterized by clear or white liquids and no odor. However, hormonal changes and body shapes make pregnant mothers more likely to experience vaginal infections. Therefore, sometimes vaginal discharge can be changed into signs of infection, among others:
Bacterial vaginosis occurs when hormonal changes result in excessive bacterial growth in the vagina. This condition may result in infants born prematurely or born with less weight. Bacterial vaginosis is generally accompanied by symptoms:
- Itching around the vagina
- The discharge of gray fluid is whitish.
- Pain during urination.
- Sometimes this condition can subside by itself. But there are times when it requires antibiotic treatment. If left unchecked, this infection can spread and become a pelvic inflammatory disease.
Elevated levels of hormone estrogen and progesterone will also increase the excessive growth of Candida, which is a fungus that grows naturally on the vagina. If this happens, you can experience a yeast infection. Symptoms of a yeast infection include:
- The discharge of yellowish white fluid, smelling or not.
- Pain during sexual intercourse
- Vagina or labia blush and swollen.
- Pain and itching in the vagina.
- The Vagina feels burned during urination.
- Treatment is generally done with a cream or antifungal medication.
Streptococcus Group B (SGB)
SGB bacteria are found in one of four healthy women. But in some people, SGB can cause serious infections. Symptoms of this infection are similar to the symptoms of a common urinary tract infection, such as cloudy-coloured urine, burning sensation during urination, and suddenly feeling urinating.
In order for this infection not to be transmitted to the baby, the doctor will give antibiotics when the mother undergo childbirth. Unfortunately, there are no steps that can be taken to prevent this condition.
Bacteria causes Trichomoniasis to live in the vagina and transmitted through sexual intercourse. Symptoms include a greenish yellow liquid and foul-smelling, as well as a sensation of itching and burning during sexual intercourse. Generally doctors will give antibiotics medication to deal with this condition.
If you experience the above conditions, you should immediately consult your obstetrician and avoid using free medicines. Beware also if your gestational age has not reached 37 weeks but there are changes in the shape and color of the fluid coming out of the vagina, for example being liquid, bleeding, turning color to brown or pink. This condition can be a symptom of premature birth.
How to prevent infections during pregnancy
To avoid vaginal discharge from infection, here are some things you can do:
- Immediately change swimsuit or exercise clothes so finish the sport.
- Sleeping without panties can reduce the risk of infection.
- Wear cotton panties that can reduce moisture and prevent the growth of bacteria.
- Flush the genitals from the front to the back after urination to prevent the spread of bacteria from the anus to the vagina.
- Consume enough water to remove toxins and bacteria from the body.
- Urination regularly.
- The consumption of complex carbohydrates and whole grains to prevent the formation of environments that support bacteria to thrive.
- Use condoms during sexual intercourse.
- Avoid using sanitary pads, tissues, and soaps to treat vaginal hygiene.
- Avoid wearing tights, especially nylon-based ones.
- Avoid using a vaginal spray or deodorizer because it is risky to shut down the circulation system towards the vagina, triggering serious complications.
If the vaginal discharge is normal, it is white or clear and odorless, then there is nothing to do to prevent it. But to handle it, you can use a pantyliner that is a mat such as a sanitary pad that can absorb excess vaginal discharge for comfort. If the complaint does not improve and increasingly disturbing, then do not hesitate to consult the obstetrician directly.
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