Is safe a Vegetarian while pregnant?

Being a vegetarian while pregnant does require special attention. The reason is, pregnant women and the fetus in the womb requires complete nutritional intake to stay healthy. Nutrition needs to be gained from various types of food, including animal foods.

Is safe a Vegetarian while pregnant?
Is safe a Vegetarian while pregnant?

Pregnant women are recommended to consume a lot of nutrients, including proteins, folate, iron, calcium, and various types of vitamins.

Some nutrients are contained in fruits and vegetables, but some are more widely contained in animal foods, which are restricted or in no way consumed by a vegetarian.

Fact being Vegetarian while pregnant

Being a vegetarian when pregnant can actually be, but must be fully supervised by a physician. The reason is, there are nutrients for pregnant mothers who are more found in animal foods, such as beef, eggs, and fish.

Limiting or not consuming animal foods at all can increase the risk of pregnant women and the fetus has nutritional deficiencies.

One of the many nutrients contained in animal foods is vitamin B12 and folate. This nutrient plays a big role in the development of the fetal nervous system. So when pregnant women are deficient in vitamin B12 and folate, the baby is at risk of having neural tube defects.

In addition to vitamin B12, beef and fish are a source of protein and vitamin D. Vitamin D has a variety of benefits for the body, especially to maintain bone health and body resistance. While proteins, it is important to help the formation of body tissues. If these nutrients are lacking, pregnant women are at risk of preeclampsia.

Not only that, animal food is an iron-rich food. Iron deficiency will increase the risk of pregnant women suffering from anemia. If it is protracted and severe, anemia can cause premature birth, infants born with low weight, or experiencing problems with growing flowers.

Preventing nutritional deficiencies

Actually, there are some fruits, vegetables, and food made from plants that contain the nutrients above. It's just that the nutritional levels of these foods tend to be fewer than their level of animal food sources.

If you do not consume nutritious food, worry about the nutritional needs of pregnant women is not well-fulfilled. For the vegetarian expectant mothers, try to provide the following nutritional intake:

1. Iron and folate

In fulfilling the needs of iron and folate, Bumil can consume green vegetables, dried fruits, nuts, whole wheat bread, iron-fortified cereal, or eggs (if Bumil vegetarian type who still consume it).

2. Protein

Although the largest source of protein is animal food, but high protein intake can also be obtained from plant foods. A good source of vegetable proteins for vegetarian pregnant mothers are legumes, for example soy beans. Vegetables and fruits also contain proteins, but are generally not at high levels.

For vegetarian pregnant mothers who still consume animal food products in addition to meat, protein can be obtained by consuming milk, cheese, and eggs.

3. Vitamin B12

If Bumil still consume foods that are products of animals, such as milk, cheese and eggs, multiply this intake to meet the needs of vitamin B12. In addition, Bumil can also consume soy milk and cereals that have been added vitamin B12.

4. Vitamin D and calcium

Vitamin D that can be established by the body with the help of sunlight can also be found in cheese, egg yolks, as well as food products that have been added this vitamin, such as cereals, fruit juices, nuts, and soy milk. These types of foods also generally contain calcium which is quite high.

However, before deciding to continue to undergo a vegetarian diet while pregnant, Bumil should first discuss with the doctor. If Bumil is a vegetarian type that does not consume products from animals, such as eggs and milk. If necessary, the doctor may prescribe a pregnancy supplement that contains additional nutrients.

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