Causes and how to overcome back pain during pregnancy

Pregnancy can make the body undergo many changes, including changes in hormones and pelvic muscles. Some of these changes can cause pregnant women to feel back pain. Such discomfort usually occurs in the second trimester of pregnancy.

Causes and how to overcome back pain during pregnancy
Causes and how to overcome back pain during pregnancy

It is estimated that about 6 out of 10 pregnant women will experience back pain. Back pain when pregnant usually occurs in the joints and muscles in the part of the pelvic bones and lower back.

Pain can arise when the body forward, lifting weights, waking from a bed, or standing from a sitting position.

Causes of back pain during pregnancy

There are several causes of back pain when pregnant, namely:

1. Hormonal changes

Bones and joints are connected by connective tissues called ligaments. When pregnant, the body produces a relaxine hormone that allows the ligaments to relax and make the joints loose. The goal is to prepare the body for childbirth.

Ligaments and muscles that sustain the spine are also affected by the hormone. Consequently, the ligaments and muscles around the pelvis become loose, resulting in a pain in the back.

2. Weight gain

A healthy expectant mother will experience weight gain. The spine in charge of supporting the body will be burdened with this weight increase. This leads to pain in the pelvis and back, especially the lower back.

3. Baby Growth

As the content grows older, the size of the fetus grows, so does the uterus. Fetal growth and uterus will suppress blood vessels and nerves in the area of the pelvis and back, so this part is painful.

4. Changes in posture

Pregnancy can shift the weight point or center of the body's gravity, so that the posture, way of walking, how to sit, and sleep position change. Moreover, the wrong posture, standing too long, and bending to take away objects can also worsened back pain.

5. Stress relief

Stress while pregnant, both physical and emotional stress, can lead to muscular tension in the back. Moreover, the effect of relaxine hormones relaxes the joints and ligaments. As stress increases, it is likely that your back will feel increasingly painful.

6. Infrequent Exercise

A study revealed that pregnant women who do not exercise are more risky to experience back pain. This is suspected because infrequent exercise can make muscles and joints in the pelvis or back become weaker.

How to overcome back pain when pregnant

To relieve the inconvenience caused by back pain when pregnant, do the following:

1. Massage

Try to do a massage on the lower back and the entire back. Ask a therapist or couple to give a gentle massage. This massage can relieve fatigue and pain of muscle pain.

2. Compress the back

Give it a back compress with ice-filled towel. A cold compress can be given for 20 minutes and repeated several times a day.

After three days, replace it with a warm compress. The trick is to attach a bottle filled with warm water to the back. This method may help relieve pain.

3. Improve Posture

Try not to twist the body, or bend it while sitting or standing. Expectant mothers are also advised not to linger at one position. Stand or sit upright and stretch your back periodically to avoid pain.

Back pain during pregnancy can also be appeased by way of a sideways sleep by putting a pillow between the knee, on the back, and under the stomach.

4. The sport

Routine exercise can strengthen and increase the flexibility and strength of muscles, as well as reduce the pressure on the spine. Safe workouts performed during pregnancy are prenatal yoga, walking, Kegel gymnastics and swimming.

5. Acupuncture

This alternative treatment might help relieve the pain. When deciding to do acupuncture, be sure to choose a trained and experienced practitioner.

6. Chiropractic

Chiropractic therapy in the spine is safe during pregnancy. However, it is advisable to consult a obstetrician before performing this treatment, and choose a place of trusted chiropractic practice and have a valid practice permit.

7. Drinking pain reliever

If back pain when pregnant is very disturbing, paracetamol medication can help relieve pain. However, pregnant women should still consult a doctor before consuming it.

During pregnancy, it is advisable not to wear high heels. If you want to take something on the floor, bend your leg knee first instead of directly the body. If the illness persists or becomes worse, consult a gynecologist immediately.

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